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A timeline of France’s commitments

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A timeline of France’s commitments

France has launched its ecological and energy transition with the aim of markedly reducing its

carbon emissions. Its greenhouse gas emissions per person are already among the lowest of

developed countries.

Scroll through this parallax infographic to find out the timeline of France's commitments to combat

climate change: from 2001, when the issue became a national priority, to 2015, when the 21st United

Nations Climate Change Conference - COP21 Paris - will be held in France.

Infographic: a timeline of France’s commitments


An act is passed to establish climate change as a “national priority”.


The first “climate plan” is drawn up, listing the actions to be carried out to reach the targets for the

stabilisation of greenhouse gas emissions set by the Kyoto Protocol (1997).


France commits to cutting its greenhouse gas emissions by 75% between 1990 and 2050.

The POPE Act (establishing energy policy guidelines) sets quantified targets for fulfilling this



Following Directive 2006/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy efficiency,

France submits its first action plan detailing the main policies and measures implemented.


The “climate and energy package” is adopted under the French presidency of the European Union,

setting shared European targets for 2020:

  • · reduce EU greenhouse gas emissions by 20% from 1990 levels;
  • · raise the share of EU energy consumption produced from renewable resources to 20%;
  • · improve the EU’s energy efficiency by 20%.


Act No. 2009-967 of 3 August 2009 establishes precise goals :

  • · in the transport sector: reduce greenhouse gas emissions to their 1990 level ;
  • · in the construction industry: cut energy consumption by 38% by 2020.



Act No. 2010-788 of 12 July 2010 expresses a national commitment to the environment :

  • · by reinforcing efforts to improve energy efficiency ;
  • · by developing local and regional planning.


France submits its second action plan concerning the implementation of the European directive on

energy efficiency. A third plan starts being drawn up for 2014.


The first Environmental Conference endorses the European targets of a 40% reduction in

greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and a 60% reduction by 2040.


The debate on the energy transition revolves around the creation of a new model for growth: green,

sustainable and inclusive. The debate summary will form the basis of a bill that should be discussed

in Parliament in 2014.


The 19th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP19) in Warsaw should lead to the adoption

of a new international agreement on climate change in 2015.


In September, the States will gather at a United Nations Climate Summit, on the invitation of the

UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon. France will be represented by the President of the French



In December, the 20th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP20) will be held in Lima.


France will host the 21st United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21 Paris).

France would like to establish an agreement that is binding, applicable to all and ambitious enough to

limit global warming to 2°C.